How to Assemble a Basic Desktop PC
The ?rst step to building a computer is acquiring the parts. This guide will start with a quick explanation of essential parts and elaborate on them further on. • Monitor This is where the pretty pictures go. They come in many forms, the most common being CRT and LCD. These are the parts that a standard PC will use. We are not considering. Jan 29, · It’s hard to find a modern build with an optical drive these days, so put the Windows 10 installer onto a USB stick (we’ll show you how).If you can’t find a handy thumb drive and a laptop.
So if you are new to PC assembly and are interested in getting involved, please check out out our infographic below for a step-by-step guide in pictures of how to build your own computer.
ESD can occasionally be thousands of Volts which has the potential to cause damage to computer parts. By following good practice I. To ground yourself, simply touch the metal casing of your computer case to bring yourself to the same electrical potential as it. You can do this often throughout the assembly process to discharge any electrical potential you may have built up.
Avoid building up any charge on your body by limiting how much you move around or what you touch e. If you get worried, simply discharge yourself to the computer case by touching it with your bare hands again. There are a few different ways you can tackle building a computer, and when it comes down to it, take the one you feel most comfortable with. This method involves partially assembling the motherboard and associated units CPU, CPU cooler, and RAM outside of the case, then transplanting this whole unit to within the case before continuing with the build assembly.
Its easiest to work on your PC with it laying sideways on a flat surface, so the open side is facing up. Keep any screws which were supplied with the case separate and take note of the different types. Most cases will come with a few different how to repair car tyre of screws and they may have different sizes or threads, so make sure to match them up with the correct mounting locations as best as possible.
If in doubt, refer to the documentation which came with your computer case. Screws and standoffs are often supplied with your computer case, however sometimes screws may be supplied with a motherboard. Avoid touching of pressing down on the back of the CPU with your fingers, as any residue from your hands can destroy the heat transfer surface for the cooler which will be mounted next.
Another important thing to note is to remove any plastic packaging around how to make a model garden CPU socket cover before installing your CPU and cooler. Usually there is a piece of removable hard plastic somewhere around the CPU socket cover which serves to protect the CPU terminal pins on the motherboard. Be sure to remove and discard this as you install your CPU. Some CPU coolers do come with a thermal pad already applied, in which case you can skip step 1.
Cable headers on motherboards vary in their location depending on what motherboard you have. To identify the correct header, look for the labeling on the motherboard; they are always labeled next to the header with the intended connection, for example:. How to use a stun baton power supplies will have a whole bunch of cabling and connectors coming out of the rear.
Others may have sockets for cables to how to raise a dragon plugged in. Most motherboards will have multiple RAM mounting slots. If you are installing pairs of RAM sticks, mount them in the same color slots on the motherboard. Be careful not to flex the motherboard too much when doing this — it can help to support the edge of the board if necessary with your spare hand to avoid bending the motherboard too much as you press down on the back of the RAM stick.
Not all computers have a dedicated graphics card. If you have decided to use the on-board graphics of your motherboar instead of installing a dedicated graphics card, you can skip this section. When you plug in your display monitor, always use the output ports of the graphics card frist if you have one installed and not the output ports of the motherboard itself.
This ensures you are actually using your graphics card! Storage drives come in two main sizes: a 3. Due to their smaller size, 2. The exact mounting strategy for storage drives will vary from computer case to computer case. Sometimes, you may need to refer to the manual for your case in order to fit drives into the drive bays. External storage drives will typically come with two connections that you need to make: power and data; which is why we plug in two separate cables to each drive.
The data connection cable is a SATA cable which connects between the motherboard and the storage drive. The power connection cable supplies power to the drive, and plugs into the drive from the power supply. Just like external storage drives that we connected in Step 8, optical drives also require two connections: power and data.
Again, the data connection cable is a SATA cable which connects the optical drive to the motherboard. However, you will still need to plug the power cables of these fans into a header port located on your motherboard.
This supplies the fan with power which is required for it to operate. In other cases you might need to mount your own case fans, or you may even choose to run your computer without any case fans at all. These will be present in the form of cables that come from the front panel; the ends of which will be hanging loose in your case. If in doubt, refer to the documentation which came with your motherboard, which should tell you exactly where to connect these items.
We recommend using cable ties to neatly secure cables in bundles and away from any moving parts such as fans. Connecting how to make a timeline on powerpoint 2007 to your computer once it is all assembled is a matter of simply making sure everything you want to use with your computer like keyboard, mouse, speakers etc is plugged in to the right spot. Use the following list as a guide for what goes where:.
Need more help or want to see more in-depth instructions for each step? The below video from Newegg TV is an excellent guide to building a PC and indexed into easy-to-follow sections.
I appreciate all of your tips and steps for how to put together a computer. My brother is wanting to get some new computer parts and this article will be super useful to him.
I will make sure to pass along this information about hot to assemble a computer to help him put his new parts together when he gets them. Good luck! I appreciate the step by step written out instead of watching a video, but this is the wrong way to build a PC fast and easy, if you want the stress of trying to assemble all of this inside the case then enjoy, but if not install everything you can on the Motherboard before putting the motherboard into the case, also do not, and I repeat do not install the PSU to the motherboard before getting everything connected and put together first.
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If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Either way, we are sure that our DIY computer assembly infographic will have you covered. Am I going to be getting in over my head? How do I build a fully customized computer from parts?
Be sure to let us know what how to assemble a computer step by step with picture think by leaving us a comment below! Have a suitable work area, with good lighting and plenty of space. Ensure you have all required tools on hand for easy access. Consider keeping a container nearby to hold loose parts like screws. These are typically included as a paper insert in the product packaging.
Ensure your area is not at risk of static electricity, which has the potential to damage your parts. Be aware of safety precautions. About Our Step-by-step Guide to Building Your Own Computer There are a few different ways you can tackle building a computer, and when it comes down to it, take the one you feel most comfortable with.
Building Outside of the Case: This method involves partially assembling the motherboard and associated units CPU, CPU cooler, and RAM outside of the case, then transplanting this whole unit to within the case before continuing with the build assembly.
Sometimes you may not be able to fit your screwdriver where it needs to be if other parts like the CPU cooler or RAM get in the way. Be careful as there are some items which must be installed in a certain order for instance, you cannot install the CPU cooler without first installing the CPU.
Computer Assembly Steps Step 1: Open Case Remove the back screws Take side cover off Its easiest to work on your PC with it laying sideways on a flat surface, so the open side is facing up. Holding the CPU by its sides, line up any alignment notches or the triangle marked on the corner of the CPU to the triangle marked on the motherboard.
Plug the power cable attached to the cooler fan into the motherboard connector. Plug the 8-pin cabling connector from the power supply cabling into the How to remove american standard bathtub faucet power connector Most power supplies will have a whole bunch of cabling and connectors coming out of the rear.
Step 7: Install Graphics Card Not all computers have a dedicated graphics card. Remove the expansion slot covers from the rear of your case where the graphics card will sit The graphics card slots into a PCI expansion slot on the lower half of the motherboard. Line it up and press down firmly to seat the card.
Put in the screws to hold the graphics card in place Plug in the power connector cables from your power supply into the graphics card power connector if existing — not all graphics cards required external power When you plug in your display monitor, always use the output ports of the graphics card frist if you have one installed and not the output ports of the motherboard itself.
Step 8: Mount Storage Drives Storage drives come in two main sizes: a 3. Mount storage drives in the case drive bays. Fix the drive in place with screws through the case frame into the case mounting holes located on the storage drive Connect the drive to the motherboard using a SATA cable Plug in power cabling to the storage drive Mount any other storage drives in the same way External storage drives will typically come with two connections that you need to make: power and data; which is why we plug in two separate cables to each drive.
Remove any front panels from the computer case where the optical drive will sit. Mount optical drive in the case by fixing with screws through the case frame into the case mounting holes located on the optical drive Connect the optical drive to the motherboard using a SATA cable Plug in power how to assemble a computer step by step with picture from your power supply to the optical drive Just like external storage drives that we connected in Step 8, optical drives also require two connections: power and data.
Mount any case fans within your case as required using the supplied screws or clips Connect any case fan power connectors to the multiple fan headers located at various places on the motherboard. Identify the cabling from the front panel ports of your PC. Place the side cover back on Secure the side panel with case screws Connect peripheral devices including mouse, monitor, keyboard, speakers etc.
Connecting Peripherals Connecting peripherals to your computer once it is all assembled is a matter of simply making sure everything you want to use with your computer like keyboard, mouse, speakers rose of sharon seeds how to grow is plugged in to the right spot.
Build Complete! Thanks for the feedback! Hey, this helped a lot but i have a question, do I need the Optical Drive? Thanks sks! Glad to hear you found it useful!
Step 1: Procuring Parts
Jun 17, · This computer build will be very basic and will be the minimum hardware necessary to have a functional system. After you have all of the parts and materials needed, it will take between 2 and 4 hours to assemble your computer and you will need to be able to use simple hand tools, such as a screwdriver and a pair of pliers. Oct 23, · This instruction will teach you how to make a personal desktop computer. There are some steps for you to follow. After finishing assembling all components, you will obtain the computer for yourself and you can design a Views: K. likedatingen.com is a online platform for technicians, Makers, Enthusiasts, Kids to buy electronic and electrical tools How To Build Assemble a.
This set of instructions will help you assemble a basic computer capable of running most modern software packages encountered by a casual user. Modern computers become more affordable when users supplement their monetary investment with a few hours of effort. This computer build will be very basic and will be the minimum hardware necessary to have a functional system.
After you have all of the parts and materials needed, it will take between 2 and 4 hours to assemble your computer and you will need to be able to use simple hand tools, such as a screwdriver and a pair of pliers. First you will need to buy the parts necessary to build the computer. The parts we will use in this project are labeled in figure 1: 1. Processor CPU 2. Computer Case 3. Memory RAM 5. Power Supply 6.
SATA Cables 7. Processor Fan 9. Case Fan Assortment of case and drive screws Not Pictured In this instance, the case, motherboard, cpu, hard drive, and memory were bought together from tigerdirect. The DVD drive and cables were purchased from newegg. There is an obvious financial advantage to buying parts bundled together, but less obvious is the benefit you will realize from the amount of time you save trying to research parts compatibility.
Kits are supposed to contain compatible parts, but mistakes can happen. You may not use every single one of these tools in every installation, but it is best to have all of them on hand in case you have a use for them. Warning: Using incorrect tools for a task such as turning a screw with a knife blade can cause equipment damage and bodily injury.
Open the computer case by removing the side panels. Find the screws that hold the side panels in place and remove them shown in figure 3 circled in red. The panel is removed by first sliding it back figure 4 then lifting it away from the case figure 5. Warning: Case may have sharp edges. Handle with care to avoid injury. Put the grounding strap on your wrist Figure 10 and connect the other end to the computer case. If your strap is not equipped with a clip to hook to the case, find a place to wedge against the metal as shown in figure This will prevent any buildup of static electricity on your body from damaging the computer components.
Caution: Static electricity can ruin computer components. Always wear a grounding strap when handling any internal components. Now that the components are completely installed, the last thing to do is to reinstall the side panels on the case. The computer is now ready to be turned on and to have software loaded on it. If the computer has problems starting up, check all component connections and mounting to make sure that you have hooked everything up correctly.
Consult individual component manuals for specific troubleshooting information if problems persist. Some one commented that all motherboards were the same size.
I wanted to clarify that a little. Motherboards come in a few different sizes. Mini is smallest for some reason Example, if you have a micro ATX case, you will have to have a motherboard that size. Also, be sure your socket matches the CPU socket. There is a standard ATX motherboard size that fits most cases, but there are exceptions and I thought best to elaborate. I would hate for some one to buy a tiny little case and have to return their motherboard for a different one.
Hope this helps someone. You discuss it so briefly, It is too good article. I get information from this. Thanks for this type of post. Question 1 year ago on Step Question 3 years ago on Step 2. Agreed I clean mine with a simple paintbrush BTW it's facing the wrong way. It also makes less noise ;D. Reply 3 years ago. Reply 4 years ago. Gather the tools you will need for the project: Screwdriver for slotted and Phillips head screws Wire cutters and strippers Needle-nosed pliers Utility knife Small flashlight Adjustable wrench Small container to hold screws Heat sink compound Grounding Strap You may not use every single one of these tools in every installation, but it is best to have all of them on hand in case you have a use for them.
Three things need to be done before assembly begins: Remove any parts or packaging materials that may have been shipped inside the case figure 6. Remove the cover for the optical drive. On our case, we will be removing the cover on the highest drive bay to mount our DVD drive as shown in figure 7. Do this by pressing in the retaining tabs shown in figure 8. Make note of the cables pre-installed in the case.
These should be front panel connections for features such as the power switch, audio jacks and usb ports. It should be included with the motherboard. Figure 12 shows the contents of the motherboard box.
Standoffs are installed in the case screw holes to create a riser that separates the case and motherboard. The screws install into the standoffs as shown in figure Screws and standoffs should be included with the case, but it is a good idea to order these items just in case they aren't included.
It pushes in from the inside. Install standoffs in the case. The standoffs screw into the motherboard mounting holes shown in figure Check the screw hole locations on the motherboard for exact placement. Install the screws. Figure 15 shows the motherboard installed in the case. It works best to leave the screws loose until all of them have been started and the board is aligned with the bezel. Caution: To prevent damage to the motherboard it must only contact the standoffs and screws.
All of the standoffs and screws must be installed. The hard drive is the device that stores all of your data. It is 3. If that is not possible you may need to connect cables before you install the drive.
To mount the drive: Find a 3. If you have trouble finding a place to mount the drive consult your case documentation for suggestions. Slide the drive into place until the screw holes on the sides are lined up with the holes in the case. The optical drive is 5.
Cable access considerations apply to this drive also. To install the drive: Slide the drive into the drive bay until the screw holes are lined up and the front of the drive is flush with the front of the case figure Make sure that it is orientated correctly. The CPU is the brain of the computer. It is installed on the motherboard in the socket shown in figure On this AMD brand processor, the corner is marked with an arrow. Consult the manufacturer's documentation for specific information about your processor.
Lift the small metal rod next to the socket as shown in figure Push the rod down to lock the processor in place figure The RAM is the temporary memory location that the processor works from. Permanently stored data is pulled from disks and stored in RAM while the processor works with it.
The memory is easy to install: Set the RAM board in the socket as shown in figure Check to see that the notch in the board is in the correct location. Press firmly on both ends of the board to set it into the socket.
Make sure the tabs lock into place as shown in figure Caution: Pressing the boards in when the tab is not aligned could cause damage to the RAM boards as well as the motherboard. The CPU fan is really a combination of a heat sink and fan together. The unit draws heat away from the CPU.
To install the fan: Place thermal compound to the CPU following the instructions provided with the compound.