How to Check the Ignition Coil with a Multimeter
Jun 02, · To test the ignition coil of a lawn mower, check resistance between the spark plug boot and the coil housing, using an likedatingen.com of contents How to Chec. Feb 21, · Ignition Coil Testing for small engines - How To Using an Ohm Meter to test coils on Briggs & Stratton enginesDemonstration on how to use ohm meter and setup.
This article was co-authored by Rocco Lovetere. This article has been viewedtimes. The ignition coil, a vital component of any vehicle's ignition system, is responsible for providing electricity to the spark plugs. When a vehicle will not start, misses often or stalls frequently, its ignition coil may need replacement. Luckily, a relatively quick, simple test can determine whether the ignition coil is functioning properly and thus whether a trip to the auto parts store or mechanic's garage is warranted.
See Step 1 below to get started! You can usually test your ignition coils by plugging a diagnostic machine, like an ODB2 scanner, into the port underneath the dashboard and turning it on. The ignition coils in your vehicle should be located on the right side of the engine, what does methamphetamine do to your brain to the spark plugs.
Remove the cables from each spark plug, then unscrew the first ignition coil carefully and lift it out of the engine block. To test the primary resistance on the coil, grab a multimeter and attach the positive probe to the positive terminal on the coil. Then, attach the negative probe to the negative terminal. Set the multimeter to ohms in the resistance category and take the reading. Typically, the primary resistance should be somewhere between 0.
Next, check the secondary resistance by moving the negative probe to the metal piece that connects the coil to the spark plug. Generally, the secondary resistance should be between 6, ohms. If either reading is off, that means your coils likely aren't working properly. For tips from our mechanic reviewer on performing a resistance test, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Social login does not work in incognito and private browsers. Please log in with your username or email to continue.
Cookie Settings. Learn why people trust wikiHow. Download Article Explore this Article methods. Tips and Warnings. Things You'll Need. Related Articles. Article Summary. Method 1 of Turn the vehicle off and open the hood. As with most types of vehicular maintenance, you'll want to begin the test with the vehicle in park and with the engine off.
Open the hood to locate the ignition coil. Though its precise location may vary from vehicle to vehicle, generally, it is located near the fender or bolted to a bracket fairly close to the distributor. Note that in vehicles without a distributor, the spark plugs will be connected directly to the coil.
One sure-fire way to find the ignition coil is to locate the distributor and follow the wire that does not connect to any spark plug. Before beginning, it's very wise to ensure you're wearing safety goggles or other eye protection and that you have access to insulated tools especially pliers to protect from electric shock. Remove one spark plug wire from its plug. Next, remove one of the spark plugs' wires from the plug itself. Usually, these wires run from the distributor cap to each of how to train a dog free spark plugs individually.
To prevent injury, be very careful when working with your vehicle's electrical system - use gloves and insulated tools at all times. If your vehicle has been running for a while, its internal components are likely to be very hot. A car that has been driven for as little as 15 minutes can heat the engine to around degrees. Allow the car to sit and cool for an hour to prevent significant injury.
To save time and avoid potentially damaging your spark plug, consider using a spark plug tester instead. Instead of attaching the spark how to put rollers in my hair back to the wire, attach the spark plug tester to the wire.
Ground the alligator clip. Then skip ahead and have your friend crank the engine, watching for sparks in the tester's gap. Using a spark plug tester also means you won't expose your combustion chamber to debris. Remove the spark plug using a spark plug socket. Once you've removed the spark plug wire, remove the spark plug itself. This is easiest with a specialized socket wrench called a spark plug socket.
From this point forward, be careful not to let anything drop into how to speak with manners empty hole left where your spark plug was. Leaving debris in this hole can cause damage to the engine as the vehicle runs and, since removing anything from this hole can be a big pain, it's best to take preventative care to ensure nothing of the sort happens.
Cover the cavity with a clean rag or towel to prevent debris from entering the combustion chamber. Attach the spark plug back to the spark plug wire. Now, carefully reattach the spark plug to its wire. You should be left with a spark plug that's connected to the distributor but not seated in its "hole.
Touch the threaded portion of the spark plug to any exposed metal in the engine. Next, maneuver your spark plug wire still attached so that the threaded "head" of the plug is touching some metal part of the engine.
This can be virtually any sturdy metal part of the engine block - even the engine itself. Again, hold the spark plug carefully with insulated pliers and, if possible, gloves. Don't risk electric shock in the next few steps by neglecting this simple safety measure.
Remove the fuel pump relay or fuse. Before you crank the engine to test the spark plug, you must disable the fuel pump. When this is done, the engine will not start, allowing you to test the coil for spark. Failing to remove the fuel pump relay means cylinder being tested will not fire because there is no spark plug.
It will, however, still be flooded with fuel, which may cause serious damage. Check your manual to locate the fuel pump relay. Have a friend "crank" the engine. Get a friend or assistant to turn the key in the vehicle's ignition. This will provide power to the car's electrical system and, thus, to the spark plug you're holding assuming your ignition coil is working. Look for blue sparks. If your ignition coil is working properly, when your friend cranks the engine, you should see a bright blue spark jump across the spark plug gap.
This spark will be clearly visible in the daylight. If you don't see a blue spark, your ignition coil is probably malfunctioning and needs replacement. Orange sparks are a bad sign. These mean that the ignition coil is supplying insufficient electricity to the spark plug this can be for any number of what type of music does ed sheeran sing, including cracked coil casings, "weak" current, faulty connections, etc.
The final possibility you may observe is that no spark occurs. This is usually a sign that either the ignition coil is completely "dead," that one or more electrical connections are faulty, or that you've done something wrong in your test.
Carefully re-install the spark plug and re-connect its wire. When you've concluded your test, ensure the vehicle is turned off before essentially repeating the preparatory steps above in reverse order. Disconnect the spark plug from its wire, re-insert it into its hole, and re-connect the wire.
You've completed your ignition coil test! Method 2 of Remove the ignition coil from the vehicle. The test above isn't the only way to determine whether the ignition coil in your vehicle is functioning as it should. If you have access to a piece of electrical equipment called an ohmmeterwhich measures electrical resistance, you can measure the effectiveness of your ignition coil in a definitive, quantifiable way, rather than in the somewhat subjective way described above.
However, to begin this test, you'll need to remove the vehicle's ignition coil so that you can easily access its electrical terminals. Refer to your service manual for precise instructions on removing your ignition coil. Usually, you'll need to disconnect it from the distributor wire, then unscrew it from its mounting with a wrench.
Ensure your vehicle is turned off and has had a chance to cool before beginning this process. Find the resistance specifications for your ignition coil. Every vehicle's ignition coil has its own unique specifications in terms of the electrical resistance within the coil. If your coil's actual resistance levels fall outside of these specifications, you'll know that your coil is damaged.
This step involves connecting the positive terminal of your ignition coil to your digital multimeter, and then to the high output terminal which runs to the spark plug. The majority of the ignition coils usually have a secondary resistance of about 6, to 10, ohms. Oct 07, · Using an ohmmeter, check the resistance between the side terminals of the coil. Do this with all of the wires to the coil disconnected. You should see to ohms of resistance. Then, check the resistance between either side terminal and the center high tension terminal. Set your ohmmeter to the 10 ohms range, and touch the terminal B+ (usually the center prong on the coil pack electrical connector) with one of the meter test leads, and touch the corresponding coil prong on the electrical connector with the other test lead. You may get a reading between and or more, depending on your particular model.
We may earn money reviewing products from the affiliate links on this site. Thank you all! With a faulty ignition coil, you are likely to experience some performance issues with your engine. The ignition coil is the component that generates the engine spark in your vehicle. Faulty ignition coils will produce symptoms that will alert you of a potential issue. Such symptoms include;.
Some cars use one ignition coil to create a spark that runs the whole vehicle. The ignition coil is one of the most vital parts of your car ignition system; engine problems are bound to happen when they are faulty.
A faulty ignition coil is responsible for your engine misfire, loss of power, loss of acceleration, and rough idles. If you detect such performance issues with your vehicle, you should perform a particular test. A volt-ohm meter or commonly known as a multimeter is a tester that measures electrical, current, voltage, resistance, and other values. The first thing to know is the required resistance reading for your ignition coils.
The ignition coil s is usually found on the engine. The ignition coil can also be bolted to the spark plugs or can be mounted remotely around the top of your engine.
Mostly held in by one or two bolts, you need to remove the bolts using your hand tools. Ignition coils are quite simple to remove; all you need is to unbolt them.
The ignition coil has both secondary and primary ignition circuit. Terminals are positively and negatively marked on some coils.
You can locate other terminals at the connector. After checking the readings, if a zero reading is displayed, it means your ignition coil has a problem within the primary winding.
This step involves connecting the positive terminal of your ignition coil to your digital multimeter, and then to the high output terminal which runs to the spark plug.
The majority of the ignition coils usually have a secondary resistance of about 6, to 10, ohms. It is better to check with the manufacturer specifications for the required range.
If a zero reading is showing, that means that the coil has a problem and needs replacement. Having excessive reading also means that your coil is open, thus requiring a replacement. This step involves following both Step 4 and 5 for testing the other individual coil if your car has more than one. Ensuring that all the ignition coils are operating in perfect condition is essential.
Replace any faulty coil after testing all the ignition coils. Next, you need to reinstall the rest of them on to your vehicle. For those who are not good with car repairs, and cannot replace their ignition coil by themselves, you can take your car to an auto repair shop. The cost of ignition coil replacement will depend on the type of vehicle you drive.
It will also depend on the auto repair shop you take your car to. Just a random guy who likes to build things. Spread the love. Table Of Contents. About the Author Dan Just a random guy who likes to build things. Related Posts.