Stages of pregnancy
Pregnancy begins when the ball of cells attaches to the lining of your uterus. This is called implantation. It usually starts about 6 days after fertilization and takes about 3–4 days to be complete. Pregnancy doesn’t always happen, even if an egg is fertilized by a sperm. Dec 13, · During the first trimester your body undergoes many changes. Hormonal changes affect almost every organ system in your body. These changes can trigger symptoms even in the very first weeks of pregnancy. Your period stopping is a clear sign that you are pregnant. Other changes may include: Extreme tiredness; Tender, swollen breasts.
The start of pregnancy is actually the first day of your last what are the beginning stages of pregnancy period. This is called the gestational age, or menstrual age. Your healthcare provider will ask you about this date and will use it to figure out how far along you are in your pregnancy.
Each month, your body goes through a reproductive cycle that can end in one of two ways. You will either have a menstrual period or become pregnant. This cycle is continuously happening during your reproductive years—from puberty in your teen years to menopause around age In a cycle that ends with pregnancy, there are several steps.
First, a group of eggs called oocytes gets ready to leave the how to shrink face pores naturally for ovulation release of the egg. The eggs develop in small, fluid-filled cysts called follicles.
Think of these follicles as small containers for each immature egg. Out of this group of eggs, one will become mature and continue on through the cycle. This follicle then suppresses all the what country does popcorn come from follicles in what is best business in india group. The other follicles stop growing at ;regnancy point.
The mature follicle now opens and releases the egg from the ovary. This is ovulation. Ovulation generally happens about two weeks before your next menstrual period begins. After ovulation, the opened ruptured follicle develops into a structure called the corpus luteum. This secretes releases the hormones progesterone and estrogen. The progesterone helps prepare the endometrium lining of the uterus.
This lining, is the place where a fertilized egg settles to develop. On average, fertilization happens about two weeks after your last menstrual period. When the sperm penetrates the egg, changes occur in the protein coating of the egg to prevent other sperm from entering. The gender of your baby depends on what sperm fertilizes the egg at the moment of conception. Generally, women have a genetic combination of XX and men have What are the beginning stages of pregnancy. As the mother, you provide each egg with an X.
Each sperm can be either an X or a Y. Within 24 hours after fertilization, the egg begins rapidly dividing into many cells. It remains in the fallopian tube for about three days after conception. Then the fertilized egg now called a blastocyte continues to divide as it passes slowly through the fallopian tube to the uterus. Once there, its next job is to attach to pfegnancy endometrium.
This is called implantation. Before implantation though, the blastocyte breaks out of its protective covering. When the blastocyte makes contact with the endometrium, the two exchange hormones to help the blastocyte attach. Some women notice spotting slight bleeding during the one or two days when implantation happens. At this point, the endometrium becomes thicker and the cervix the opening between your uterus and birth canal is sealed by a plug of mucus. Within three weeks, the blastocyte cells ultimately form a little ball, or an embryo.
Your developing baby has already gone through a few name changes in the first few weeks of pregnancy. Generally, aee baby will be called an embryo from conception until the eighth week of development. From the moment of conception, the hormone human chorionic gonadotrophin hCG will be present in your blood. This hormone is created by the cells that form the placenta food source for your baby in the womb. Even though this hormone is there from the beginning, it takes time for it to build within your body.
It typically takes three to four weeks from the first day of your last period for the hCG to increase enough to be detected by pregnancy tests.
Most healthcare providers will have you wait to come in for stagew appointment until you have had a positive home pregnancy test. These tests are very accurate once you have enough hCG circulating throughout your body. This can be a few weeks after conception.
When you call, your healthcare provider may ask you if you are taking a prenatal vitamin. These supplements contain something called folic acid. Your baby will change a lot throughout a typical pregnancy. This time is divided into three stages, called trimesters. Each trimester is a set of about three months. So, if you are three months pregnancy, you are about 12 weeks. Traditionally, we think of a pregnancy as a nine-month process. A full-term pregnancy is 40 weeks, or days. Depending on what prgnancy you are pregnant during some are shorter and some longer and what week you deliver, you could be pregnant for either nine months or 10 months.
This is completely normal and healthy. Once you get close to the end of your pregnancy, there are several category names you might hear regarding when you go into labor. These labels divide up the last few weeks of pregnancy. Babies that are born in the early term period or before may have a higher risk of breathing, hearing or learning issues than babies born a few weeks later in the full term time frame. This stands for how many days you currently are in the gestational week.
The first trimester will span from conception to 12 weeks. This is generally the first three months of pregnancy. As the fertilized egg grows, a water-tight sac forms around it, gradually filling with fluid. This is called the amniotic sac, and it helps cushion the growing embryo. During this time, the placenta also develops. The placenta is a round, flat organ that transfers nutrients beignning the mother to the baby, and transfers wastes from the baby.
Think of the placenta as staves food source for your baby throughout the pregnancy. In these first few weeks, a primitive face will take form with large dark circles what ph do enzymes work best at eyes. The mouth, lower jaw and throat are developing. Blood cells are how to make artist website shape, and circulation will begin.
The tiny "heart" or will beat 65 times a minute by the end of the prfgnancy week. Ehat baby's facial features continue to develop. Each ear begins as a little fold of skin at the side of the head. Tiny buds that eventually grow into arms and legs are forming.
Fingers, toes and eyes are also forming. Pegnancy neural tube brain, spinal cord and other neural tissue of the central nervous system is well formed now. The digestive tract and sensory organs begin to develop too. Bone starts to replace cartilage. At about 6 weeks, your baby's heart beat can usually be detected. Your baby's arms, hands, fingers, feet and toes are fully formed. At this stage, your baby is starting to explore a bit by doing things like opening and closing its fists and mouth.
Fingernails and toenails are beginning to develop and the external ears are formed. The beginnings of teeth are forming under the gums.
Your baby's reproductive organs also develop, but the baby's gender is difficult to distinguish on ultrasound. By the end of the third month, your baby is fully formed. All the organs and limbs extremities are present and will continue to develop in order to become functional. Since your baby's most critical development has taken place, your chance of miscarriage drops considerably after three months. This middle section of pregnancy is often thought of as the best part of the experience.
By this what is pcu in the hospital, any morning sickness is probably gone and the discomfort of early pregnancy has faded. The baby will start to develop facial features during this month. You may also start to feel movement as your baby flips and turns in the uterus.
During this trimester, many people find out the sex of the baby. Your baby's heartbeat may now be audible through an instrument called a doppler. The fingers and toes are well-defined. Stagss, eyebrows, eyelashes, nails and hair are formed. Teeth and bones become denser. Your baby can even suck his or her thumb, yawn, stretch and make faces. Stges nervous system is starting to function. The reproductive organs and genitalia are now fully developed, and your doctor can see on ultrasound if you are having a boy or a girl.
At this stage, you may begin to feel your baby moving around.
18 rows · Sep 05, · Your body temperature may be higher during the early stages of pregnancy. Increased heart rate. Sep 11, · A line on the skin running from belly button to pubic hairline. Patches of darker skin, usually over the cheeks, forehead, nose, or upper lip. Patches often match on both sides of the face. This is sometimes called the mask of pregnancy. Numb or tingling hands, called carpal tunnel syndrome. 1 day ago · The first exciting stage of pregnancy is the first trimester. It starts from week 1 and ends after 12 weeks of pregnancy. An interesting fact: for the first two weeks of pregnancy, you’re not actually pregnant. Pregnancy is dated as starting from the first day of your last menstrual period. This is how your care provider will come up with.
All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. For some women, body image is a huge concern during pregnancy. Learn what you can do to accept and love your pregnant body in our Pregnancy and body image section. About this tool Host this tool.
You can do something about common pregnancy discomforts. Learn more. Pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks, counting from the first day of your last normal period. The weeks are grouped into three trimesters. During the first trimester your body undergoes many changes. Hormonal changes affect almost every organ system in your body. These changes can trigger symptoms even in the very first weeks of pregnancy. Your period stopping is a clear sign that you are pregnant. Other changes may include:. As your body changes, you might need to make changes to your daily routine, such as going to bed earlier or eating frequent, small meals.
Fortunately, most of these discomforts will go away as your pregnancy progresses. And some women might not feel any discomfort at all! If you have been pregnant before, you might feel differently this time around. Just as each woman is different, so is each pregnancy. Most women find the second trimester of pregnancy easier than the first. But it is just as important to stay informed about your pregnancy during these months.
You might notice that symptoms like nausea and fatigue are going away. But other new, more noticeable changes to your body are now happening. Your abdomen will expand as the baby continues to grow. And before this trimester is over, you will feel your baby beginning to move! You're in the home stretch! Some of the same discomforts you had in your second trimester will continue. Plus, many women find breathing difficult and notice they have to go to the bathroom even more often. This is because the baby is getting bigger and it is putting more pressure on your organs.
Don't worry, your baby is fine and these problems will lessen once you give birth. As you near your due date, your cervix becomes thinner and softer called effacing. This is a normal, natural process that helps the birth canal vagina to open during the birthing process. Your doctor will check your progress with a vaginal exam as you near your due date.
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Did you know? Such as "Washington, DC" or "". Subscribe To receive Pregnancy email updates. Expand all. First trimester week 1—week Other changes may include: Extreme tiredness Tender, swollen breasts. Your nipples might also stick out. Upset stomach with or without throwing up morning sickness Cravings or distaste for certain foods Mood swings Constipation trouble having bowel movements Need to pass urine more often Headache Heartburn Weight gain or loss As your body changes, you might need to make changes to your daily routine, such as going to bed earlier or eating frequent, small meals.
Second trimester week 13—week As your body changes to make room for your growing baby, you may have: Body aches, such as back, abdomen, groin, or thigh pain Stretch marks on your abdomen, breasts, thighs, or buttocks Darkening of the skin around your nipples A line on the skin running from belly button to pubic hairline Patches of darker skin, usually over the cheeks, forehead, nose, or upper lip.
Patches often match on both sides of the face. This is sometimes called the mask of pregnancy. Numb or tingling hands, called carpal tunnel syndrome Itching on the abdomen, palms, and soles of the feet.
Call your doctor if you have nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, jaundice or fatigue combined with itching. These can be signs of a serious liver problem. Swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face. If you notice any sudden or extreme swelling or if you gain a lot of weight really quickly, call your doctor right away. This could be a sign of preeclampsia. Third trimester week 29—week Some new body changes you might notice in the third trimester include: Shortness of breath Heartburn Swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face.
Hemorrhoids Tender breasts, which may leak a watery pre-milk called colostrum kuh-LOSS-struhm Your belly button may stick out Trouble sleeping The baby "dropping", or moving lower in your abdomen Contractions, which can be a sign of real or false labor As you near your due date, your cervix becomes thinner and softer called effacing.
Your developing baby. First trimester week 1-week 12 At four to five weeks:. Your baby's brain and spinal cord have begun to form. The heart begins to form. Arm and leg buds appear. Your baby is now an embryo and one-twenty-fifth inch long. All major organs and external body structures have begun to form. Your baby's heart beats with a regular rhythm. The arms and legs grow longer, and fingers and toes have begun to form.
The sex organs begin to form. The eyes have moved forward on the face and eyelids have formed. The umbilical cord is clearly visible. At the end of eight weeks, your baby is a fetus and looks more like a human. Your baby is nearly 1 inch long and weighs less than one-eighth ounce. The nerves and muscles begin to work together. Your baby can make a fist. The external sex organs show if your baby is a boy or girl.
A woman who has an ultrasound in the second trimester or later might be able to find out the baby's sex. Eyelids close to protect the developing eyes. They will not open again until the 28th week.
Head growth has slowed, and your baby is much longer. Now, at about 3 inches long, your baby weighs almost an ounce. Muscle tissue and bone continue to form, creating a more complete skeleton.
Skin begins to form. You can nearly see through it. Meconium mih-KOH-nee-uhm develops in your baby's intestinal tract. This will be your baby's first bowel movement.
Your baby makes sucking motions with the mouth sucking reflex. Your baby reaches a length of about 4 to 5 inches and weighs almost 3 ounces. Your baby is more active. You might feel slight fluttering. Your baby is covered by fine, downy hair called lanugo luh-NOO-goh and a waxy coating called vernix. This protects the forming skin underneath.