Jun 30, · Corporal punishment is a physical punishment which inflicts pain as justice for many different types of offenses. This punishment has been historically used in schools, the home, and the judicial system. While this is a general type of punishment, it is often most associated with children, and the U.N. Committee on the Rights of the Child defined it as “any punishment in which physical force is . Legal Definition of corporal punishment.: punishment inflicted on a person's body — see also cruel and unusual punishment. Note: The prohibition on cruel and unusual punishment in the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution imposes limits on the use of corporal punishment on convicted offenders and prisoners.
Accessed 23 Apr. More Definitions for corporal punishment. Note: The prohibition on cruel and unusual punishment in the Eighth Amendment to the U. Constitution imposes limits on the use of corporal punishment on convicted offenders and prisoners. The U. Supreme Court has found the Eighth Amendment to be inapplicable to the use of corporal punishment how to find info on a car with vin number schoolchildren.
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Corporal punishment, the infliction of physical pain upon a person’s body as punishment for a crime or infraction. Corporal punishments include flogging, beating, branding, mutilation, blinding, and the use of the stock and pillory. In a broad sense, the term also denotes the physical disciplining.
Corporal punishments include flogging, beating, branding, mutilation, blinding, and the use of the stock and pillory. In a broad sense, the term also denotes the physical disciplining of children in the schools and at home. Early Babylonian law developed the principle of lex talionis , which asserted that criminals should receive as punishment precisely those injuries they had inflicted upon their victims.
From ancient times through the 18th century, corporal punishments were commonly used in those instances that did not call for the death penalty or for exile or transportation. But the growth of humanitarian ideals during the Enlightenment and afterward led to the gradual abandonment of corporal punishment, and by the later 20th century it had been almost entirely replaced by imprisonment or other nonviolent penalties. Corporal punishment no longer exists in the legal systems of most developed nations of the world.
The last floggings in the United States , for example, were carried out in the state of Delaware in the practice was abolished there in British criminal law stood as a rare exception in its legal prescription of whipping as punishment for some offenses, but the infliction of this penalty was severely limited by the Criminal Justice Act of and was abolished in Whipping and even amputation remain prescribed punishments in several Middle Eastern nations that strictly observe Islamic law , however.
Beatings and other corporal forms of disciplinary action are still administered, whether legally or covertly, in the prison systems of many countries. An important rationale for the use of corporal punishment has historically been that the pain, injury, humiliation, and degradation it inflicted would deter the offender from committing similar offenses in the future. The claim that corporal punishment is an especially effective deterrent has been refuted by empirical evidence, however, which shows that offenders who are punished by corporal means are actually slightly more likely to commit further crimes than are those punished by imprisonment.
Although there have been some calls for the reinstitution of corporal punishment in response to rising crime rates in the United States and other countries in the post-World War II era, corporal punishment continues to be regarded as an inhumane and barbaric relic of the criminal justice systems of bygone eras.
Most European countries have partially or completely banned the corporal punishment of children in schools and at home, in compliance with the European Social Charter —adopted in and revised in —which protects children from physical abuse.
The Council of Europe , an organization of nearly all European countries that promotes human rights and democracy on the continent, has sought to abolish the practice. The corporal punishment of children by parents or caregivers has also been banned in some non-European countries. The Convention on the Rights of the Child , which was adopted by the United Nations in , forbids the physical abuse of children by parents or other caregivers. By the early 21st century, more than countries had also banned the corporal punishment of children in schools.
See also flogging. Corporal punishment. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. State of Michigan - Corporal Punishment.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History. Four criminals in a pillory, an instrument of corporal punishment that secured the head and hands in an uncomfortable position and, because it was used in public, enabled both verbal and physical abuse by other citizens, c.
Inmates on a penal treadmill at Brixton prison in London, England, c. British prisoner on a penal treadmill being struck with a cat-o'-nine-tails. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.
Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: juvenile justice. Although such physical punishment is prohibited in many Western countries, it is still used in some parts of the United States and in much of the non-Western world.
Historically, an increase in juvenile crime such as the late 20th-century rise in juvenile gun…. Talion , principle developed in early Babylonian law and present in both biblical and early Roman law that criminals should receive as punishment precisely those injuries and damages they had inflicted upon their victims.
In ancient Palestine, injury and bodily mutilation,…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.