History of Andhra Pradesh
Officially Hyderabad is the common capital for both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh right now and for Andhra Pradesh, Hyd is the capital until But the reality is different. Andhra Pradesh capital is AMARAVATI, which's being constructed between Vijayawada and Guntur. The capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is Hyderabad. Andhra Pradesh, Indian state located in the southeastern part of the subcontinent. It is bounded by the Indian states of Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the southwest and west, Telangana to the northwest and north, and Odisha to the northeast.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of Indiawhose recorded history begins in the Vedic period. In the sixth century BCE, Assaka was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas.
The kingdom reached its zenith under Gautamiputra Satakarni. At the end of the pradrsh, the Telugu region was divided into fiefdoms ruled by lords. During the fourth century, the Pallava dynasty extended their rule from southern Andhra Pradesh to Tamilakam and established their capital at Kanchipuram. Their power increased during the reigns of Mahendravarman What color primer for blue paint — and Narasimhavarman I — The Pallavas dominated the southern Telugu-speaking region and northern Tamilakam until the end of the ninth century.
Between and the Kakatiya dynasty emerged, bringing the Telugu region under unified rule. During this iis, the Telugu language emerged as a literary medium with the writings of Tikkana. In the sultan of Delhi andhr, Ghiyath al-Din Tughluqsent a large army commanded by Ulugh Khan later, as Muhammad bin Tughluqthe Delhi sultan to conquer the Telugu region and lay siege to Warangal. The fall of the Kakatiya Dynasty led to an era with competing influences from the Turkic kingdoms of Delhi, the Chalukya Chola dynasty — in the south and the Persio-Tajik sultanate of central Oc.
The Telugu achieved independence under Krishnadevaraya of the Vijayanagara Empire — The Qutub Shahis were tolerant of Telugu culture from the fapital 16th to the end what do broken knuckles look like the 17th centuries.
Andhra's modern foundation was laid in the struggle for Indian independence under Mohandas Gandhi. Potti Sriramulu 's campaign for a state independent of the Madras Presidency and Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu and Kandukuri Veeresalingam 's social-reform movements led to the formation of Andhra Statewith Kurnool its capital and freedom-fighter Pantullu its first chief minister.
A democratic society, with two stable political parties and a modern economy, emerged under the Chief Ministership of N. Rama Rao. India became iz from the United Kingdom in Although the Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad wanted to retain independence from India, but was forced to cede his kingdom to the Dominion of India in to form Hyderabad State. Andhra, the first Indian state formed primarily on a linguistic basis, was carved from the Madras Presidency in Chalcolithic period pottery dated between BC or earlier has been discovered from the sites near Krishna and Tungabhadra river such as Patapadu.
A painted spouted vessel has resemblance to the chalcolithic age vessels from Navdatoli as far as Bronze age Crete. The earliest reference to the term Andhra is the name of a tribe and this is made in the Aitareya Brahamana datable to B. Andhras left the northern part of Indian subcontinent near Yamuna how to cook a pork sirloin roast on the grill, crossing the Vindhyas and came to present day Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
It also mentions that the Andhras were socially parallel to other tribes like the Pundras, Sabarasand Pulindas. There are references to an Andhra kingdom and a people known as the Andhras in Indian epic poetry the Mahabharatathe Ramayana and the Puranas. Rama is said to have lived in the forest around present-day Bhadrachalam during his exile. Although the ancient literature indicates a history dating to several centuries BCE, archaeological evidence exists only from the last two millennia.
According to Megastheneswho visited the court of Chandragupta Mauryathe Andhras had 30 fortified towns along Godavari river and an army of 1,00, infantry, 2, cavalry and 1, elephants. Uninterrupted political and cultural accounts of Andhra Pradesh begin during the rise of the Satavahana dynasty. An inscription at Nasikwritten at the time of Gautamiputra Satakarni the 23rd Satavahana rulerindicates that the kingdom included most of the southern peninsula and southern parts of Maharashtra, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.
The court language used by the Satavahanas was Prakritand their kings observed the Vedic how to earn mindjolt tokens. The fall of the Satavahana empire left Andhra in political chaos, and local rulers carved out small kingdoms for themselves.
Sanskrit replaced Prakrit as the inscriptional language at this time. Their capital was Vijayapuri Nagarjunakonda. Archaeological evidence indicates that the Ikshvakus succeeded the Satavahanas in the Krishna River valley, and may have entered Andhra from the north.
It is a belief among some historians that, Andhra Ikshvakus were related to the mythological Ikshvakuswhile some believe Andhra Ikshvakus seem to be a local tribe who adopted the title. Inscriptions in the Nagarjunakonda valley, Jaggayyapeta and Ramireddipalli provide some support for this hypothesis. In the Vayu PuranaManu the patriarch of ancient India had nine sons; Ikshvaku, the eldest, founded the Suryavanshi dynasty and ruled from Ayodhya at the beginning of the Treta Yuga.
He had sons; the eldest was Vikushi, who succeeded his father as the ruler of Ayodhya. Fifty of Vikushi's brothers founded small principalities in North Indiaand forty-eight founded kingdoms what is capital of andhra pradesh the south. In the Dharmamrita, during the lifetime of the 12th tirthankaraYasodhara an Ikshvaku prince from the kingdom of Pradesu went how to reset mysql root password linux Vengi.
The prince was so impressed what is a successor custodian the region's beauty and fertility that he made it his home and founded the city of Pratipalapura present-day Bhattiprolu. They were feudal lords of the Satavahanasand bore the title of Mahatalavara.
Although caputal Puranas cite seven kings ruling What is capital of andhra pradesh for years, only four are confirmed in inscriptions. Santamula I founded the Ikshvaku dynasty, performing the AsvamedhaAgnihotraAgnistoma and Vajapeya sacrifices to proclaim his imperial status.
Rulers of subsequent dynasties commonly performed the Ashvamedha sacrifice to declare their independence. Virapurushadatta was the son and successor of Santamula through his wife, Madhari.
He had a sister, Adavi Santisri, took a queen from the Saka family of Ujjain and gave his daughter in marriage to a Chutu prince. Rudrapurushadatta was an Ikshvaku ruler mentioned in prafesh from Gurajala in Guntur district. Possibly a son of Ehuvula Santamula, he ruled for over 11 years. During the third century CE the Brihatpalayanas ruled north Andhra from their capital, Kodur, in the Krishna district.
One dynasty was the Jaya Varma. The Ananda Gotrikas ruled coastal Andhra from their capital, Kapotapuram. Their affiliations are unknown. A few Anandagotras families have been discovered in the Anantapur district and Kadiri Taluk.
It is an old kadapa district: Hiranya Raajya, in the Puranas. Kambamraayudu mountain hill areas' surname is tatam in patras. From about toafter the fall of the Ikshvakus, the Salankayanas ruled part of the east coast from Cspital.
Like the Vishnukundinas of Vinukonda who succeeded them, the Salankayanas were vassals of the Pallavas of the southern Telugu and northern Tamil lands. At this time, Telugu and Kannada scripts began to separate from those of other Indian dialects. It was ascendant during the reigns of Mahendravarman I — and Narasimhavarman I — The empire included the southern Telugu and the northern parts of the Tamil regions.
The Pallavas were noted for their patronage of Dravidian architectureexamples of which survive in Mahabalipuram. The Chinese traveller Xuanzang visited Kanchipuram under Pallava ruleand extolled its benign government. The period was characterized by conflict with the Chalukyas of Badami in the north and the Tamil states of Chola andhrw Pandyas in the south. During the eighth century, the Pallavas were succeeded by the Chola dynasty.
According to Edward B. Eastwickthe maharaja andyra Vizianagaram was a descendant of the maharajas of Udaipur and the Sisodia branch of the Gehlot tribe. Early rulers of the dynasty allied with the Vakatakas and the Rashtrakutas by marriage.
InMadhava Varma a descendant of the dynasty and four allied clans achieved independence by defeating the Salankayanas in coastal Andhra.
Their capitals were Amaravati and Bezwada before they settled on Vizianagaram. Over the centuries the allied clans were vassals of the Vizianagaram rulers and subsequent dynasties, including the Chalukyas. Kalidindi in Krishna district was held by the Vishnukundina dynasty, although it was later associated with the Rajus. Inthe maharaja of Vizianagaram was conquered by the Golkonda dynasty and was made subahdar of the Northern Circars.
The title was conferred by Aurangzebwho gave the maharaja a split-tipped sword still part of the Vishnukundina coat of arms. One of his daughters was married to Maharaj Kumar Singh, a cousin of and heir apparent to the maharajah of Rewah.
Although the MatsyasChedisPericchedisHaihayas and Kalachuris may share a common Vedic ancestry and origin myth, the link is tenuous. In the PuranasMatsya Sanskrit for "fish" was the name of a tribe Meenas and a adhra of andhraa Vedic civilisation. The Matsya tribe was founded by a fisherman who became a king.
The Mahabharata V. Vasu ruled the Chedis and the Matsyas, suggesting the Matsya were once part of the Chedi kingdom. The Puranas mention six Matsya kingdoms, and the Pandya Kingdom in the south has a fish on its banner. Signs of the Matsya are later found in the Visakhapatnam region.
The Chedi kingdom, in central and western India, was first ruled by Paurava kings and later by Yadav kings. It corresponds roughly to the present-day Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh.
The Haihaya kingdom haya means "horse" was one of a number kingdoms ruled by Chandravamsha Kshatriya kings in central and western India. The Vishnu Purana links its outlying tribes to the Yadu tribe. Haihaya rulers included the legendary Kartavirya Arjunaa powerful king who defeated Ravana.
Although he had one thousand arms, he was felled and his arms severed by Parasurama. Kalachuri is the name used by two kingdoms who claim a common ancestry and ruled in a succession of dynasties from the 10th to the 12th centuries. The first kingdom controlled western Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan in central India. The second, the southern Kalachuri, ruled part of What is capital of andhra pradesh. Kalachuri kings, related aandhra marriage to the Chalukyas and Pradsshruled from Tripuri, GorakhpurRatnapur and Rajpur.
The name Kalachuri may derive from kali long moustache iis churi sharp knife. The How to get free streaming tv were also known as Katachuris. They were vassals of the Chalukyas. The Pericchedis are also mentioned as vassals of the Chalukyas. According to V.
Jan 22, · In Sri Lanka, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is the official capital and seat of national legislature, while Colombo is the de facto seat of national executive and judicial bodies. Malaysia has its official and royal capital and seat of national legislature at Kuala Lumpur, and Putrajaya is the administrative centre and seat of national judiciary. Nagarjunakonda, which is believed to be the site of the Andhra Ikshvaku capital. The Andhra Ikshvakus (Sanskrit: ?????????) established a kingdom along the Krishna River in the second half of the second century CE. Their capital was Vijayapuri (Nagarjunakonda). Andhra Pradesh, retrospectively referred to as either United Andhra Pradesh or Undivided Andhra Pradesh, was a state in India formed by States Reorganisation Act, with Hyderabad as its capital and was reorganised by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, The state was made up of three distinct cultural regions of Telangana, Rayalseema and Coastal Andhra.
Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
The government says it is against building one mega capital while neglecting other parts of the state. Three capitals ensure equal development of different regions of the state.
Decentralisation has been the central theme in recommendations of all major committees that were set up to suggest a suitable location for the capital of Andhra Pradesh. Coordinating between seats of legislature and executive in separate cities will be easier said than done, and with the government offering no specifics of a plan, officers and common people alike fear a logistics nightmare.
Three capitals for Andhra Pradesh What to study? For Prelims: The three capitals. This law paves the way for three capitals for the state. The three capitals: Amaravati — legislative capital. Visakhapatnam — executive capital. Kurnool — judicial capital. Need for three capitals: The government says it is against building one mega capital while neglecting other parts of the state. Challenges ahead: Coordinating between seats of legislature and executive in separate cities will be easier said than done, and with the government offering no specifics of a plan, officers and common people alike fear a logistics nightmare.
Executive capital Visakhapatnam is km from judicial capital Kurnool, and km from legislative capital Amaravati. The Amaravati-Kurnool distance is km. The time and costs of travel will be significant. Likewise, government officers who may have to appear in the High Court will have to travel km to Kurnool, which does not have an airport.
All officers and Ministerial staff who may have to be at hand to brief Ministers when the Assembly is in session, will probably have to stay put in Amaravati, leaving behind their other responsibilities in Visakhapatnam. What are the other examples of multiple capital cities? Several countries in the world have implemented the concept. In Sri Lanka, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is the official capital and seat of national legislature, while Colombo is the de facto seat of national executive and judicial bodies.
Malaysia has its official and royal capital and seat of national legislature at Kuala Lumpur, and Putrajaya is the administrative centre and seat of national judiciary.
Among Indian states: Maharashtra has two capitals— Mumbai and Nagpur which holds the winter session of the state assembly. Himachal Pradesh has capitals at Shimla and Dharamshala winter. Sources: the Hindu. Previous Post Previous Powers of Speaker under 10th schedule. Why IPS? Why IFS?