Reasons Why Muslims Are The WorldТs Fastest-growing Religious Group
It depends on the time period and how you measure growth. Also, it depends on how you define a religion. Some very small religious movements or claimed religions grew from nothing in the past years (but many of them are now experiencing losses. 8 rows†Ј Jun 08, †Ј According to the Pew Research CenterТs studies, Islam is the fastest-growing religion in the Author: Oishimaya Sen Nag.
Therefore, as ofChristianity and Islam made up for more than half of the global population. The Pew Research Center estimates that in the second half of 21st century, the number of Muslims will have surpassed the number of Christians.
The rapid growth of Muslims in the world is what is the highest thc percentage strain to be fueled by natural demographic factors such as a young population and high fertility rates.
Muslims are the youngest major religious group in the world with a median age of Their highest concentration is in Africa and the Middle East where the global population growth rate is estimated to be the highest. Unlike in other religious groups where women have an average of two how to win baby stuff, Muslim women have a higher fertility rate with an average of three children in their lifetime.
These dynamics also hold true for regions with a high distribution of Muslims. In India, for example, the number of Muslims is growing faster than the native Hindu religion and is expected to rise to million by The only regions identified to receive the smallest composition of Muslims is the Caribbean and Latin America as very few Muslims are allowed in the regions.
Religious switching is a major factor that will contribute to the growth of Muslims by While religious switching is expected to hinder the growth of Christianity by an estimated 72 million, it is expected to have no negative effects on Muslims since they have strict sanctions regarding religious switching. Other religious groups are projected to account for a smaller percentage of the global population in than they did in Although it is projected that these religious groups will grow slightly, they will not keep up with the rising global population.
The number of Muslims is expected to rise to million by Kaityn Stimage June 20 in World Facts. Olympic Games History. Southeast Asian Countries. Commonwealth Of Independent States.
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From Table you can see that while Muslims claim they are the fastest growing religion in the world (), the statistics say that Baha'is are growing at a faster rate () and faster still are Zoroastrians (). From Table regarding world distribution, you can see that Islam is .
About Follow Donate. Demographic Study. Babies born to Muslims will begin to outnumber Christian births by ; people with no religion face a birth dearth. But this is unlikely to be the case for much longer: Less than 20 years from now, the number of babies born to Muslims is expected to modestly exceed births to Christians, according to new Pew Research Center demographic estimates.
While the relatively young Christian population of a region like sub-Saharan Africa is projected to grow in the decades ahead, the same cannot be said for Christian populations everywhere. This is especially true in Europe, where the number of deaths already is estimated to exceed the number of births among Christians. In Germany alone, for example, there were an estimated 1.
Parallel language is used for other religious groups e. The projection models in this report take into account estimated rates of religious switching or conversion into and out of major religious groups in the 70 countries for which such data are available.
Globally, the relatively young population and high fertility rates of Muslims lead to a projection that between and , there will be slightly more babies born to Muslims million than to Christians million , even though the total Christian population will still be larger.
By the to period, the birth gap between the two groups is expected to approach 6 million million births among Muslims vs. In contrast with this baby boom among Muslims, people who do not identify with any religion are experiencing a much different trend. These are among the key findings of a new Pew Research Center analysis of demographic data.
And the population growth projections in this report extend to , a decade further than in the original report. The projections do not assume that all babies will remain in the religion of their mother. The projections attempt to take religious switching in all directions into account, but conversion patterns are complex and varied. In some countries, including the United States, it is fairly common for adults to leave their childhood religion and switch to another faith or no faith.
For example, many people raised in the U. But in some other countries, changes in religious identity are rare or even illegal. At present, the best available data indicate that the worldwide impact of religious switching alone, absent any other factors , would be a relatively small increase in the number of Muslims, a substantial increase in the number of unaffiliated people, and a substantial decrease in the number of Christians in coming decades.
Globally, however, the effects of religious switching are overshadowed by the impact of differences in fertility and mortality. And the number of Christians is projected to rise, though not as fast as the number of Muslims.
Muslims were second, with 1. As a result, according to Pew Research Center projections, by , the count of Muslims 3. Except for Muslims and Christians, all major world religions are projected to make up a smaller percentage of the global population in than they did in Low fertility rates and aging populations in countries such as China, Thailand and Japan are the main demographic reasons for the expected shrinkage in the Buddhist population in the years ahead.
The religiously unaffiliated population is projected to shrink as a percentage of the global population, even though it will increase modestly in absolute number. In , there were slightly fewer than 1. Geographic differences like these play a major role in patterns of religious growth. Indeed, one of the main determinants of future growth is where each group is geographically concentrated today. For example, the religiously unaffiliated population is heavily concentrated in places with aging populations and low fertility, such as China, Japan, Europe and North America.
By contrast, religions with many adherents in developing countries Ч where birth rates are high and infant mortality rates generally have been falling Ч are likely to grow quickly. Much of the worldwide growth of Islam and Christianity, for example, is expected to take place in sub-Saharan Africa.
The regional distribution of religious groups is also expected to shift in the coming decades. Meanwhile, religious switching and lower fertility will drive down the shares of the global Christian population living in Europe and North America. As of , three-in-four unaffiliated people live in Asia and the Pacific.
At the same time, a growing share of the unaffiliated will live outside of the Asia-Pacific, particularly in Europe and North America. The current age distribution of each religious group is an important determinant of demographic growth. All the other groups are older than the global median, which is part of the reason why they are expected to fall behind the pace of global population growth.
Moreover, Muslims have the highest fertility rate of any religious group Ч an average of 2. Hindu and Jewish fertility 2. All other groups have fertility levels too low to sustain their populations. In addition to fertility rates and age distributions, religious switching is likely to play a role in the changing sizes of religious groups. Pew Research Center projections attempt to incorporate patterns of religious switching in 70 countries where surveys provide information on the number of people who say they no longer belong to the religious group in which they were raised.
In the United States, for example, surveys find that although it is particularly common for people who grew up as Christians to become unaffiliated, some people who were raised with no religious affiliation also have switched to become Christians. For more details on how and where switching was modeled, see Appendix B: Methodology. Between and , Christians are projected to experience the largest losses due to switching.
Globally, about 5 million people are expected to become Christians in this five-year period, while 13 million are expected to leave Christianity, with most of these departures joining the ranks of the religiously unaffiliated.
The unaffiliated are projected to add 12 million and lose 4. The projected net changes due to switching for other religious groups are smaller.
For example, the to total fertility rate for religiously unaffiliated women is projected to be 1. In , the global median age for the female unaffiliated population was 36, compared with 30 for the religiously affiliated. Before releasing projections of the future size of religious groups in , Pew Research Center asked members of the American Trends Panel a few questions about their perceptions of the global religious landscape Ч and their expectations for its future.
Fewer U. The survey also asked Americans how they expect the share of the global population with no religion to change in the coming decades. Indeed, in the U. Meanwhile, older Americans are more likely than young adults under 30 to say that Muslims will be the largest group. Differences in expectations about the future size of religious groups also are apparent across the political spectrum. During this five-year period, an estimated million babies were born to Christian mothers and roughly million Christians died, meaning that the natural increase in the Christian population Ч i.
Muslims had the second-largest number of births between and , with million babies born to Muslim mothers. But Muslims saw the largest natural increase of any religious group Ч more than million people Ч due to the relatively small number of Muslim deaths 61 million.
This large natural increase results from both high Muslim fertility and the concentration of the Muslim population in younger age groups, which have lower mortality rates.
Between and , an estimated 68 million babies were born to unaffiliated mothers, compared with million to Hindu mothers. Hindus also saw a much larger natural increase than the religiously unaffiliated 67 million vs. Births also outnumbered deaths among other major religious groups between and , including among Buddhists, Jews and members of folk or traditional religions.
Beyond , Christian and Muslim mothers are expected to give birth to increasing numbers of babies through But Muslim births are projected to rise at a faster rate Ч so much so that by the number of babies born to Muslim mothers will narrowly surpass the number born to Christian mothers. Between and , the birth gap between the two groups is expected to approach 6 million million births among Muslims vs.
By contrast, the total number of births is projected to decline steadily between and for all other major religious groups. For religious groups in most countries, there is currently either positive natural increase more births than deaths or little net change due to births and deaths.
But many European countries are experiencing a natural decrease more deaths than births in the populations of certain religious groups, especially Christians. Throughout Eastern Europe and parts of Western Europe, deaths outnumbered births among Christians between and in 24 of 42 countries. Deaths also outnumbered births by at least 10, among religiously unaffiliated populations in Austria, Ukraine and Russia.
This reflects the relatively young age profile of the religiously unaffiliated compared with the Christian population in Europe. Among Muslims, there were no European countries where the number of deaths exceeded the number of births. Throughout most of the region, the number of babies born to Muslim women exceeded the number of Muslim deaths between and in 21 countries.
In Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, Russia and France, there were at least , more Muslim births than deaths in each country over that period. At the same time, migration is also driving Muslim population growth in Europe. No Christian, Muslim or unaffiliated populations living in countries outside of Europe experienced more deaths than births in the to period. Similarly, other religious groups saw either positive natural increase or little net change, with a few exceptions: Buddhists in Japan, Hindus in South Africa and adherents of folk religions in South Korea and Tanzania had a larger number of deaths than births between and There are important regional differences in birth and death trends for some religious groups.
Among Christians, for example, sub-Saharan Africa experienced the biggest natural increase between and Ч with 64 million more births than deaths Ч followed by smaller Christian increases in Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific and North America. In Europe, however, Christian deaths already outnumber births Ч a deficit that is projected to grow through And in North America, the number of Christian deaths will begin to exceed the number of births by around This means that not only will there continue to be more Christian births than deaths in sub-Saharan Africa, but births will exceed deaths by even larger numbers in upcoming five-year periods.
In Latin America and the Asia-Pacific region, the number of Christian births will continue to exceed the number of deaths through , but the natural increases in the to time period will be much smaller than they are now as these regions experience significant declines in fertility. The global Muslim population also is projected to undergo an important geographic shift toward sub-Saharan Africa.
Currently, more Muslims live in Asia and the Pacific than in any other region, and as a result, this region had the largest natural increase in the Muslim population between and By about , the natural increase in the Muslim population in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to exceed the natural increase in Asia.
Muslims in Asia and the Middle East-North Africa region will experience slower growth in the coming decades as Muslim fertility in these regions declines. These populations will continue to have more births than deaths through , but they will grow at a slower rate. Muslims in Europe and North America also are expected to have more births than deaths through But this will change in the coming years.
For people with no religion in Asia, the number of deaths will begin to exceed the number of births to unaffiliated mothers by , a change driven by low fertility and a relatively old unaffiliated population in China. By , unaffiliated deaths are expected to outnumber births in Europe as well. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world.
It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts.