Biography of Mary Read, English Pirate
Jun 18, · Mary Read (–buried April 28, ) was an English pirate who sailed with "Calico Jack" Rackham and Anne Bonny. Though little is known for certain about her former life, she was well-known as a pirate from to Mary Read in pirate disguise. In widowhood, Mary returned to her male disguise. She briefly joined the military service in Holland before boarding a ship sailing for the West Indies and starting her career on the high seas. This ship had not travelled far before it was plundered by English pirates, who took Mary as part of their crew.
Wikimedia Commons. On December dif, while sailing through rough weather, the British brig Dei Gratia sighted a seemingly abandoned ship drifting through the Atlantic near the Azores Islands about 1, miles west of Portugal. Xid only clues about the lack of people were a disassembled pump in the hold and a missing lifeboat.
So began one of the most enduring mysteries of the sea. Theories from the wildly implausible involving sea monsters to the reasonable fear of fire from the alcohol cargo abounded. By now, there has been more than a century and a half of theories, but finally, we may have found an answer. On Nov. He brought seven handpicked crew along with his wife and daughter.
After leaving New York, the Mary Celeste battled its resd through treacherous seas and howling winds for two weeks. Then, on Nov. At the time, nothing was amiss. When the captain of the Dei Gratia boarded the ghost ship, he found three and a half feet of water in the bilge, the lowest point of the ship that sits below the waterline.
The cargo was intact, though some of the barrels were empty. Why was the ship abandoned? It was perfectly seaworthy. There were six months of food and water aboard. This would remain a mystery for nearly a century and a half.
Some believed that the crew had drunk the alcohol and mutinied. But there was no sign of what is a pascal unit. Some said the ship must have been raided by pirates, but no valuables were missing.
But where did he, and everyone else, go? Sea monsters and waterspouts were also proposed. Yet for all of these theories, none of the evidence ever matched. Perhaps the most plausible theory was that the vapors how to be a millionaire by 20 the alcohol had blown the hatch cover off.
Then, what are boa constrictors enemies fire, the crew abandoned ship. But the hatch cover was securely fastened. Not even foul play appeared to be at the root of the matter. When the two ships arrived in Gibraltar, the Dei Gratia submitted its salvage claim. The admiralty court at first suspected foul play.
But after a three-month investigation, they were unable to find any evidence. The crew of the Dei Gratia eventually received payment. InArthur Conan Doyle wrote his short story, J. The publicity from the short story led to a new investigation into the ship, but no new revelations were found.
Rea, indocumentarian Anne MacGregor began to investigate. Using various modern methods, she reconstructed the drift of the ghost ship and deduced that the captain had a faulty chronometer and was hopelessly off course. The Mary Celeste was miles west of where it should have been.
The captain thus expected to sight land three days earlier than he did. He then changed course towards Santa Maria Island in the Azores and was probably looking for shelter from the relentless weather. After this look at the Mary Celesteread about the creepiest ghost ships ever foundor find out the truth about the Flying Dutchmanpossibly the most famous ghost ship of them all.
By All That's Interesting. Learn what is the best cd burner for windows 7 likely fate of the American merchant brigantine Mary Celestethe ghost ship found deserted in the Reax near the Mar Islands in Share Tweet Email. Remove Ads. All That's Interesting.
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Mary Read plundered ships in the Carribean What ships did Francis Drake sail with? He sailed with 8 ships, most of them galleons; The Golden Hind, the Pelican, Mary, Santa Maria, Christopher, Swan. Read and Bonny earned a reputation for ruthlessness and were described as “very profligate, cursing and swearing much, and very ready and willing to do anything on board.” According to various accounts, Mary fell in love with a carpenter on Rackham’s ship, but his life appeared in danger after a . Aboard which ship did Captain Scott sail to the Antarctic in ? The ship was named likedatingen.com can read more about the expedition by following the link, below. How did Mary Read become a pirate?
Though little is known for certain about her former life, she was well-known as a pirate from to After being captured, she was spared hanging because she was pregnant but died shortly after due to an illness.
Most of the limited information about Mary Read's life comes from Captain Charles Johnson believed by many, but not all, pirate historians to be a pseudonym for Daniel Defoe, the author of "Robinson Crusoe". Johnson was descriptive, but never mentioned his sources, so most of Read's alleged background is in doubt.
Read was supposedly born sometime around to the widow of a sea captain. Read was fighting for the British in Holland when she met and fell in love with a Flemish soldier. She revealed her secret to him and they married.
For a time, they operated an inn called The Three Horseshoes not far from the castle at the town of Breda in the Netherlands. After her husband died, Read could not operate the inn alone, so she went back to war, dressing once again as a man. Peace was soon signed, however, and she was out of work. Read took a ship to the West Indies in hopes of finding new opportunities. Like many former pirates, she signed on board a privateer commissioned to hunt down those buccaneers who had not accepted the pardon.
Calico Jack already had a woman on board: his lover Anne Bonny , who had left her husband for a life of piracy. According to legend, Bonny developed an attraction to Mary, not knowing that she was a woman. When Bonny tried to seduce her, Read revealed herself.
Read was a good fighter. According to legend, she developed an attraction to a man who had been forced to join the pirate crew. The object of her affection managed to irritate a certain cutthroat on board, who challenged him to a duel. Read, fearing that her would-be lover might get killed, challenged the brute to a duel of her own, scheduling it a couple of hours before the other duel was supposed to take place.
She promptly killed the pirate, in the process saving the object of her affection. By late , Rackham and his crew were well known as dangerous pirates, and bounty hunters were sent out to capture or kill them. Captain Jonathan Barnet cornered Rackham's ship in late October According to some accounts, Bonny and Read fought valiantly while the men hid below deck.
Rackham and the other male pirates were quickly tried and hanged in Port Royal , Jamaica, on November 18, Bonny and Read declared at their trial that they were pregnant, which was soon determined to be true.
They would be spared the gallows until they had given birth. Mary Read never got to taste freedom again. She developed a fever and died in prison not long after her trial, probably sometime in early April Records from St.
Catherine Parish in Jamaica show that Read was buried on April 28, Most of the information about Read comes from Captain Johnson, who most likely embellished at least some of it. It is impossible to say how much of what is commonly "known" about Read is true. It is certainly true that a woman by that name served with Rackham, and evidence is strong that both women on his ship were able, skilled pirates who were every bit as tough and ruthless as their male counterparts.
As a pirate, Read didn't leave much of a mark. Rackham is famous for having female pirates on board and for having an impressive pirate flag , but he was strictly a small-time operator, never getting close to the levels of infamy of someone like Blackbeard or the success of someone like Edward Low or "Black Bart" Roberts.
Nevertheless, Read and Bonny have captured the public imagination as being the only two well-documented female pirates in the so-called " Golden Age of Piracy. As subsequent generations increasingly romanticize piracy and the likes of Rackham, Bonny, and Read, their stature has grown even further. Share Flipboard Email. Christopher Minster. Professor of History and Literature. Christopher Minster, Ph. Cite this Article Format. Minster, Christopher. Biography of Mary Read, English Pirate.
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